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A histological tool to assess the progress of somatic embryogenesis in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Authors:

K. N. Ganesan ,

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, Tamil Nadu, IN
About K. N.
Department of Cotton, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics
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K. Thiruvengadam,

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, Tamil Nadu, IN
About K.
Department of Cotton, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics
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D. Sudhakar,

Centre for Plant Molecular Biology Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641 003, Tamil Nadu, IN
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T. S. Raveendran,

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, Tamil Nadu, IN
About T. S.
Department of Cotton, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics
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P. Balasubramanian

Centre for Plant Molecular Biology Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641 003, Tamil Nadu, IN
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Abstract

A study was conducted on local elite cultivars of American cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) viz., MCU7 and TCH 1569 in order to assess their callusing as well as regeneration potential. Although six different media compositions were tested for the callusing, re-sults revealed that the medium MS salts + 0.4 mg/l thiamine HCl + 2.0mg/lNAA+ 1.0 mg/l kinetin+30 g/l glucose + 0.8% agar exhibited successful and faster induction of calli. After the induction of calli, they were placed on different sub-culture media for inducing embryogenic calli. However, significant differentiation for the formation of embryogenic calli was not observed with the media compositions attempted in the study. As the cotton crop is reported to be recalcitrant for regeneration through so-matic embryogenesis, to know the progress of tissue culture or development of em-bryogenic calli, histological studies were carried out using microtomy. The results of the microtome study clearly revealed the clumping and organisation of large number of cells into a definite structure irrespective of the genotypes and explants. Therefore, further manipulation or alteration of hormonal/vitamin combinations of media may induce friable embryogenic calli resulting in mature somatic embryos, which will give raise to a plantlet. This histological tool experienced as an efficient tool to save the time in tissue culture by knowing the progress of somatic embryogenesis on the other hand is also guiding the scientist to switchover to newer media composition in case of non-embryogenesis.

How to Cite: Ganesan, K.N., Thiruvengadam, K., Sudhakar, D., Raveendran, T.S. and Balasubramanian, P., 2009. A histological tool to assess the progress of somatic embryogenesis in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 9, pp.73–81. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v9i0.5407
Published on 30 Dec 2009.
Peer Reviewed

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