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Agricultural productivity and poverty alleviation issues: the Nigerian perspective

Authors:

J. C. Umeh,

University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, NG
About J. C.
Department of Agricultural Economics

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W. L. Lawal ,

University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, NG
About W. L.
Department of Agricultural Economics
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V. U. Oboh

University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, NG
About V. U.
Department of Agricultural Economics
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Abstract

This paper reviews the pre and post independence agricultural productivity and pov-erty alleviation issues in Nigeria. Descriptive statistics and secondary data were adopted in the discussion. The review indicated that a laudable performance was re-corded in pre-independence period due to the establishment of model research farms. , Physical rural infrastructures like motor, roads and railways for easy evacuation of farm products, commodity boards for stability of producer prices, promotion of qual-ity of export crops, providing stable market outlet for export crops and generating for-eign reserves. All these resulted in the promotion of employment in both production and post-production of agricultural activities. Rural disposable income was high and this generated high demand for consumable goods in rural areas. Surpluses generated from foreign trade were used to finance a large number of development projects. In contrast, in post- independence period, the structure of rural infrastructure began to collapse with negative impact. Average growth rate for palm oil expenditure between 1935- 1939 was 30.88% and it dropped to 7.5 post-independence. Also, food crop pro-ductivity dropped, poverty level rose and food import bill escalated. This paper there-fore recommends the pre-independence model for Nigeria to use. This will encourage increase in Agricultural productivity, income level and consequently reduce poverty.
How to Cite: Umeh, J.C., Lawal, W.L. and Oboh, V.U., 2009. Agricultural productivity and poverty alleviation issues: the Nigerian perspective. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 9, pp.27–42. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v9i0.5403
Published on 30 Dec 2009.
Peer Reviewed

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