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Effect of finger joining on flexural strength of commonly used timber species in Sri Lanka

Authors:

C. K. Muthumala ,

State Timber Corporation, Battaramulla, LK
About C. K.
Research, Development and Training Division
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S. De Silva,

University of Ruhuna, Hapugala, Galle, LK
About S.
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
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P. L. A. G. Alwis,

University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
About P. L. A. G.
Department of Agric. Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture
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K. K. I. U. Arunakumara

University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
About K. K. I. U.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

The variation of flexural strength of seven timber species mainly used for furniture industry in Sri Lanka was studied. Modulus of Rupture (MOR) and Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) were measured without finger joint and with finger joint specimens of timber species. Finger joint technique is used to eliminate wood defects which weaken the strength of sawn wood plank and used. This paper gives comparison study of finger jointed and un-jointed seven wood species, tested under three point bending test. BS 373: 1957 and BS EN 15497:2014 were used as standards for tests. Vertical finger joint orientation and 13 mm finger joint length were used in this study. The tests for mechanical properties were performed by using a Universal Testing Machine (UTM 100 PC). The parameters were analyzed by using ANOVA and means were separated by Duncan's Multiple Range Test at 0.05 significant levels in SAS. It was found that control (un-jointed solid wood) samples gave the highest flexural strength than finger-jointed specimens and it was also observed that Kumbuk timber species was showed the highest MOE in 13 mm finger-jointed specimens comparing control specimens. The highest flexural strength loss percentage was obtained from Satin species. The MOE of finger-jointed Kumbuk was higher than clear Kumbuk specimens and least strength loss percentage of MOR (46.08 %) was obtained from Mahogany species.

How to Cite: Muthumala, C.K., De Silva, S., Alwis, P.L.A.G. and Arunakumara, K.K.I.U., 2018. Effect of finger joining on flexural strength of commonly used timber species in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 21(3-4), pp.27–32. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v21i3-4.5464
Published on 29 Dec 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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