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Reading: Herbicidal potential of Lantana camara l. on Ludwigia spp in paddy soil

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Herbicidal potential of Lantana camara l. on Ludwigia spp in paddy soil

Authors:

Sudheera MW Ranwala ,

University of Colombo, PO Box 1490, Colombo, LK
About Sudheera
Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Science
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L R Attigala,

University of Colombo, PO Box 1490, Colombo, LK
About L R
Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Science
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Shwetha de Silva

University of Colombo, PO Box 1490, Colombo, LK
About Shwetha
Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Science
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Abstract

This study assessed herbicidal potential of Lantana (Lantana camara L.), on two commonly found paddy field weeds; Ludwigia decurrens Walt. and Ludwigia hyssopifolia (G. Don) Exell. Methodology involved a laboratory bioassay using 1:5 w/v and 1:10 w/v aqueous Lantana dried leaf extracts to assess germination, cotyledon expan-sion, root and shoot development of udwigia spp. Green house experiments included paddy soil amendments us-ing 1g, 2g, 4g dried Lantana leaf residues in 85g soil and 30g, 60g, 120g residues in 2.5 kg paddy soil respectively to test seedling establishment and growth of Ludwigia spp. Toxicity of Lantana on rice (Oryza sativa) was tested by growing rice cv. ‘BG 353’ with L. decurrens in Lantana amended paddy soil. Toxic effects of Lantana on natu-rally occurring micro-biota were also assessed by diffusion method using 1.5 w/v Lantana dried leaf extracts on pure cultures of fungi and bacteria isolated from paddy soil. Results indicated that 1:5 w/v was the strongest ex-tract to suppress root and shoot development of seedlings of both weeds. An amount of 4g Lantana leaf residue in 85g paddy soil suppressed germination and seedling establishment of L. hyssopifolia while higher quantities such as 120g of dried Lantana leaf residues in 2.5 paddy soil was required to suppress growth of L. decurrens. No potential harmful effects of Lantana were observed on growth of rice seedlings and microbiota of paddy soil. Higher quantities such as 120g in 2.5 paddy soil were required to suppress growth of L. decurrens.


Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension 17(1): 2014: page 10-18
How to Cite: Ranwala, S.M., Attigala, L.R. & Silva, S. de ., (2015). Herbicidal potential of Lantana camara l. on Ludwigia spp in paddy soil. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 17(1), pp.10–18. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v17i1.5293
Published on 26 Aug 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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