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Efficacy of Selected Granular Insecticides for the Control of Maize-Stem Borer (Chilo partellus) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Authors:

KNC Gunewardena ,

Field Crops Research and Development Institute, Maha Illuppallama, LK
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SRK Madugalla

Field Crops Research and Development Institute, Maha Illuppallama, LK
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Abstract

Stem borer (Chilo partellus) is the most destructive pest of maize causing considerable yield losses especially during yala season. At present the pest is managed through whorl application of insecticide granules or foliar spraying of liquid formulations of insecticides. However, effective control of the pest can-not be expected from liquid formulations due to practical difficulties in the spraying especially at the mature stages of the crop. Hence, investigations were carried out in two consecutive yala seasons in 2008 and 2009 to study the efficacy of granular type insecticides against the stem borer. The maize hybrid variety Sampath was used. Four insecticides were tested along with an untreated control. Insecticides were applied twice as whorl applications at 2 week interval.

The percentage stem borer damage in plots treated with Diazinon 5G, Fipronil 0.3G and Thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate 4G found to be < 8% as compared to > 35% damage in untreated control. Larval population and severity of stem borer damage were also significantly low in Diazinon 5G, Fipronil 0.3G and Thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate 4G treated plots during both seasons over the control. The percentage seed yield in Diazinon 5G, Fipronil 0.3G and Thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate 4G treated plots found to be 52-91% and 28-44% higher than the untreated control during yala 2008 and 2009 respectively. Therefore, Fipronil 0.3G and Thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate 0.4G can be recommended in addition to the present recommendation of Diazinon 5G for the control of stem borer in maize.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i1.4835

Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 14(1): 2011 12-15

How to Cite: Gunewardena, K. & Madugalla, S., (2012). Efficacy of Selected Granular Insecticides for the Control of Maize-Stem Borer (Chilo partellus) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 14(1), pp.12–15. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i1.4835
Published on 26 Oct 2012.
Peer Reviewed

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