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Research Articles

Varietal Variation in Stomatal Conductance, Transpiration and Photosynthesis of Commercial Sugarcane Varieties Under Two Contrasting Water Regimes

Authors:

ALC De Silva ,

Division of Agronomy, Sugarcane Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Uda Walawe, LK
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WAJM De Costa

Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
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Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate some physiological characters of commercial sugarcane varieties under different growing conditions in Sri Lanka. A field experiment was conducted at the Sugarcane Research Institute, Uda Walawe (6°21'N latitude, 80°48'E longitude and 76 m altitude) using eight sugarcane (Saccharum hybrid L.) varieties grown under irrigated and rainfed conditions in a split plot de-sign. Stomatal conductance (gs), instantaneous transpiration rate (E1) and photosynthetic rate per unit leaf area (Pn) were measured. Canopy stomatal conductance (gc), instantaneous canopy transpiration rate (Ec) and transpiration efficiency (Pn/E1) was calculated. The behaviour of gs in many respects to the moisture availability and growing stage was similar to the responses seen in Pn. Water deficit significantly reduced gs, E1 and Pn. Recovery of gs and Pn from water stress with rainfall was quite rapid under rainfed conditions. The varieties Co775, SL8306, SL7103 and SL88116 which had higher Pn and Pn/E1, and lower gs, E1, gc and Ec showed comparatively superior physiological performances under rainfed conditions. Water conservation through lowering stomatal conductance, both at the individual leaf and canopy level, and higher photosynthetic rate were identified as some physiological mechanisms responsible for drought tolerance of sugarcane.

Key words: Sugarcane; Stomatal conductance; Transpiration; Photosynthesis; Water regimes

DOI: 10.4038/tare.v12i2.2798

Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 12(2): 2009 pp.97-102
How to Cite: De Silva, A. & De Costa, W., (2011). Varietal Variation in Stomatal Conductance, Transpiration and Photosynthesis of Commercial Sugarcane Varieties Under Two Contrasting Water Regimes. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 12(2), pp.97–102. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v12i2.2798
Published on 01 Feb 2011.
Peer Reviewed

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