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Research Articles

Effect of Water Stress on Growth and Yield of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L)

Authors:

AL Ranawake ,

Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, LK
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N Dahanayaka,

Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, LK
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UGS Amarasingha,

Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, LK
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WDRJ Rodrigo,

Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, LK
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UTD Rodrigo

Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, LK
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Abstract

Legumes are second only to the Graminae in their importance to humans. Mung bean (Vigna radiata L) is one of the most important grain legumes cultivated in Sri Lanka. Drought is a major abiotic stress on Mung bean in the sub-humid, dry and intermediate zones of Sri Lanka. The present study reveals the response of Mung bean for the water stress at three different growth stages; three weeks after planting (3 WAP), six weeks after planting (6 WAP) and eight weeks after planting (8 WAP). A pot experiment was carried out at Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Sri Lanka. Plant height, number of leaves, number of floral buds, dry matter weight of shoot system, number of lateral roots, length of tap root, number of root nodules, and dry matter weight of root system were measured after one week recovery period in 10 day drought stressed plants at three different growth stages and in relevant control plants. Water stress significantly affects on each of the measured parameters at 6 WAP, the flowering and pod filling stage of Mung bean. Only number of leaves was significantly affected when the drought applied at 8 WAP. Further, all the measured parameters other than length of tap root and number of nodules per plant were significantly affected by drought stress at 3 WAP. Number of floral buds and number of pods were not affected by the drought stress at 8 WAP though there is no economical value of these characters as the pod filling efficiency is low in Mung bean under drought stress.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i4.4851

Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 14(4): 2011

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i4.4851
How to Cite: Ranawake, A. et al., (2012). Effect of Water Stress on Growth and Yield of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L). Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 14(4). DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i4.4851
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Published on 26 Oct 2012.
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