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Cold Tolerance of an Inbred Line Population of Rice (Oryza sativa L) at Different Growth Stages

Authors:

AL Ranawake ,

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
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C Nakamura

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kobe University, Japan1-1 Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe, LK
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Abstract

Indica rice cultivar Hokuriku142, japonica rice cultivar Hyogokithanishiki and a recombinant inbred line population involving these cultivars were evaluated for cold tolerance at germination, post-germination and seedling stages. For each experiment 10 replicates were arranged with 20-40 seeds per replicate. At germination stage, cold stress was applied at 20°C and 15°C and the number of germinated seeds was counted. Post-germination stage cold tolerance was evaluated on 4-day germinated seeds by holding them at 4°C for 1-12 days and gained hypocotyl length was measured after a 4-day recovery period at normal growth conditions. To assess the seedling stage cold tolerance 1-week-old seedlings were maintained at 4°C for 1-7 days and green plant height was measured after a 5-day recovery period. In all growth stages Hyogokithanishiki showed higher degree of cold tolerance than Hokuriku. Recombinant inbred line population showed normal distribution curves for germination and post-germination stage cold tolearance with transgressive segregants for both higher and lower levels than the parents. At the seedling stage, the inbred populations showed a skew towards the susceptible cultivar but there were two transgressive segregants for greater cold tolerance than Hyogokithanishiki. Identification of such significant differences in the two parental rice cultivars and distribution of the character across the range of different tolerance levels with transgressive segregation indicates that this population is useful for the development of cold tolerant rice cultivars and to understand the basis of the cold regulation of rice using molecular tools.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i2.4838

Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 14(2): 2011 24-33

Keywords: Cold tolerance rice 
DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i2.4838
How to Cite: Ranawake, A. & Nakamura, C., (2012). Cold Tolerance of an Inbred Line Population of Rice (Oryza sativa L) at Different Growth Stages. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 14(2), pp.25–33. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v14i2.4838
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Published on 26 Oct 2012.
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