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Effects of Balancing Rice Bran Based Diets for Up to Four Amino Acids on Growth Performance of Broilers

Authors:

MKDK Piyaratne,

Computer Unit, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
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NSBM Atapattu ,

Department of Animals Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
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APS Mendis,

Department of Animals Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
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AGC Amarasinghe

Department of Animals Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, LK
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Abstract

Objective of this study was to determine whether the adverse effects associated with high dietary rice bran (RB) inclusion levels in broiler diets could be corrected by balancing diets for higher number of amino acids (AA). The experiment followed a completely randomize design in 2x4 factorial arrange-ment. Eight experimental diets were formulated using linear model based computer software (CUFATotal Feed). Treatment factors were two dietary RB levels (20 and 40%) and four levels of AA considerations in ration formulation (1. lysine and methionine, 2. 1 + isoleucine, 3. 2 + valine, 4. 3 + threonine). When rations were balanced for lysine and methionine, many of the other AAs were in ex-cess. No practical ration could be formulated to meet the threoine requirement. Twenty-two-day old broiler chicks (n=144) were allocated into 48 pens and fed one of the eight experimental diets ad libitum from 23-43 days. Balancing the diets for higher number of AAs had no significant effect on any of the growth performance parameters. Live weight on day 43, weight gain from day 23-43 and feed intake and the tibia ash contents of the broiler fed 40% dietary RB were significantly lower than those of 20% RB fed counterparts. However, feed conversion ratios were not significantly different between the birds fed two dietary RB levels. Interaction between RB levels and the number of AAs considered in ration formulation was not significantly different with respect to any of the growth parameters measured. It was concluded that balancing rations for up to four amino acids; lysine, methionine, isoleucine and va-line did not mitigate the adverse effects of 40% dietary RB in broiler growth performance.  

Key words: Amino acids; Broiler performance; Rice bran

DOI: 10.4038/tare.v12i2.2790

Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 12(2): 2009 pp.57-61
DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v12i2.2790
How to Cite: Piyaratne, M. et al., (2011). Effects of Balancing Rice Bran Based Diets for Up to Four Amino Acids on Growth Performance of Broilers. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 12(2), pp.57–61. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v12i2.2790
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Published on 01 Feb 2011.
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